March 25, 2014

The 108 Martyrs of World War II



The 108 Martyrs of World War II, known also as 108 Blessed Polish Martyrs (Polish: 108 b艂ogos艂awionych m臋czennik贸w), were Roman Catholics from Poland killed during World War II by the Nazis.

Their liturgical feast day is 12 June. The 108 were beatified on 13 June 1999 by Pope John Paul II at Warsaw, Poland. The group comprises 3 bishops, 52 priests, 26 members of male religious, 3 seminarians, 8 female religious and 9 lay people. There are two parishes named for the 108 Martyrs of World War II in Powiercie in Ko艂o County, and in Malbork, Poland.

List of names

Bishops

  • Antoni Julian Nowowiejski, (1858–1941 KL Dzia艂dowo), bishop
  • Leon Wetma艅ski, (1886–1941 KL Dzia艂dowo), bishop
  • W艂adys艂aw Goral, (1898–1945 KL Sachsenhausen), bishop

Priests

  • Bronis艂aw Komorowski, a priest murdered on 22 March 1940 in the Stutthof concentration camp.
  • Adam Bargielski, priest from Myszyniec (1903–1942 KL Dachau)
  • Aleksy Sobaszek, priest (1895–1942 KL Dachau)
  • Alfons Maria Mazurek, Carmelite friar, prior, priest (1891–1944, shot by the Gestapo)
  • Alojzy Liguda, Society of the Divine Word, priest (1898–1942 KL Dachau)
  • Anastazy Jakub Pankiewicz, Franciscan friar, priest (1882–1942 KL Dachau)
  • Anicet Kopli艅ski, Capuchin friar of German descent, priest in Warsaw (1875–1941)
  • Antoni Beszta-Borowski, priest, dean of Bielsk Podlaski (1880–1943, shot near Bielsk Podlaski)
  • Antoni Leszczewicz, Marian Father, priest (1890–1943, burnt to death in Rosica, Belarus)
  • Antoni Rewera, priest, dean of the Cathedral Chapter in Sandomierz (1869–1942 KL Dachau)
  • Antoni 艢wiadek, priest from Bydgoszcz (1909–1945 KL Dachau)
  • Antoni Zawistowski, priest (1882–1942 KL Dachau)
  • Boles艂aw Strzelecki, priest (1896–1941 KL Auschwitz)
  • Bronis艂aw Komorowski, priest (1889–22 March 1940 KL Stutthof)
  • Dominik J臋drzejewski, priest (1886–1942 KL Dachau)
  • Edward Detkens, priest (1885–1942 KL Dachau)
  • Edward Grzyma艂a, priest (1906–1942 KL Dachau)
  • Emil Szramek, priest (1887–1942 KL Dachau)
  • Fidelis Chojnacki, Capuchin friar, priest (1906–1942, KL Dachau)
  • Florian St臋pniak, Capuchin friar, priest (1912–1942 KL Dachau)
  • Franciszek Dachtera, priest (1910–23 August 1942 KL Dachau)
  • Franciszek Drzewiecki, Orionine Father, priest (1908–1942 KL Dachau); from Zduny, he was condemned to heavy work in the plantation of Dachau. While he was bending over tilling the soil, he adored the consecrated hosts kept in a small box in front of him. While he was going to the gas chamber, he encouraged his companions, saying "We offer our life for God, for the Church and for our Country".
  • Franciszek Rogaczewski, priest from Gda艅sk (1892–1940, shot in Stutthof or in Pia艣nica, Pomerania)
  • Franciszek Ros艂aniec, priest (1889–1942 KL Dachau)
  • Henryk Hlebowicz, priest (1904–1941, shot at Borisov in Belarus)
  • Henryk Kaczorowski, priest from W艂oc艂awek (1888–1942)
  • Henryk Krzysztofik, religious priest (1908–1942 KL Dachau)
  • Hilary Pawe艂 Januszewski, religious priest (1907–1945 KL Dachau)
  • Jan Antonin Bajewski, Conventual Franciscan friar, priest (1915–1941 KL Auschwitz); of Niepokalanow. These were the closest collaborators of St Maximilian Kolbe in the fight for God’s cause and together suffered and helped each other spiritually in their offering their lives at Auschwitz
  • Jan Franciszek Czartoryski, Dominican friar, priest (1897–1944)
  • Jan Nepomucen Chrzan, priest (1885–1942 KL Dachau)
  • Jerzy Kaszyra, Marian Father, priest (1910–1943, burnt to death in Rosica, Belarus)
  • J贸zef Achilles Pucha艂a, Franciscan friar, priest (1911–1943, killed near Iwieniec, Belarus)
  • J贸zef Cebula, Missionary Oblate, priest (23 March 1902–9 May 1941 KL Mauthausen)
  • J贸zef Czempiel, priest (1883–1942 KL Mauthausen)
  • J贸zef Innocenty Guz, Franciscan friar, priest (1890–1940 KL Sachsenhausen)
  • J贸zef Jankowski, Pallotine, priest, (1910 born in Czyczkowy near Brusy, Kashubia (died 16 October 1941 in KL Auschwitz beaten by kapo)
  • J贸zef Kowalski, Salesian, priest (1911–1942)
  • J贸zef Kurzawa, priest (1910–1940)
  • J贸zef Kut, priest (1905–1942 KL Dachau)
  • J贸zef Paw艂owski, priest (1890–9 January 1942 KL Dachau)
  • J贸zef Stanek, Pallottine, priest (1916–23 September 1944, murdered in Warsaw)
  • J贸zef Straszewski, priest (1885–1942 KL Dachau)
  • Karol Herman St臋pie艅, Franciscan friar, priest (1910–1943, killed near Iwieniec, Belarus)
  • Kazimierz Gosty艅ski, priest (1884–1942 KL Dachau)
  • Kazimierz Grelewski, priest (1907–1942 KL Dachau)
  • Kazimierz Sykulski, priest (1882–1942 KL Auschwitz)
  • Krystyn Gondek, Franciscan friar, priest (1909–1942 KL Dachau)
  • Leon Nowakowski, priest (1913–1939)
  • Ludwik Mzyk, Society of the Divine Word, priest (1905–1940)
  • Ludwik Pius Bartosik, Conventual Franciscan friar, priest (1909–1941 KL Auschwitz); of Niepokalanow. These were the closest collaborators of St Maximilian Kolbe in the fight for God’s cause and together suffered and helped each other spiritually in their offering their lives at Auschwitz
  • Ludwik Roch Gietyngier, priest from Cz臋stochowa (1904–1941 KL Dachau)
  • Maksymilian Binkiewicz, priest (1913–24 July 1942, beaten, died in KL Dachau)
  • Marian Gorecki, priest (1903–22 March 1940 KL Stutthof)
  • Marian Konopi艅ski, Capuchin friar, priest (1907–1 January 1943 KL Dachau)
  • Marian Skrzypczak, priest (1909–1939 shot in Plonkowo)
  • Micha艂 Ozi臋b艂owski, priest (1900–1942 KL Dachau)
  • Micha艂 Piaszczy艅ski, priest (1885–1940 KL Sachsenhausen)
  • Micha艂 Wo藕niak, priest (1875–1942 KL Dachau)
  • Mieczys艂aw Bohatkiewicz, priest (1904–4 March 1942, shot in Berezwecz)
  • Narcyz Putz, priest (1877–1942 KL Dachau)
  • Narcyz Turchan, priest (1879–1942 KL Dachau)
  • Piotr Edward Dankowski, priest (1908–3 April 1942 KL Auschwitz)
  • Roman Archutowski, priest (1882–1943 KL Majdanek)
  • Roman Sitko, priest (1880–1942 KL Auschwitz)
  • Stanis艂aw Kubista, Society of the Divine Word, priest (1898–1940 KL Sachsenhausen)
  • Stanis艂aw Kubski, priest (1876–1942, prisoner in KL Dachau, killed in Hartheim near Linz)
  • Stanis艂aw Mysakowski, priest (1896–1942 KL Dachau)
  • Stanis艂aw Pyrtek, priest (1913–4 March 1942, shot in Berezwecz)
  • Stefan Grelewski, priest (1899–1941 KL Dachau)
  • Wincenty Matuszewski, priest (1869–1940)
  • W艂adys艂aw B艂膮dzi艅ski, Michaelite, priest (1908–1944, KL Gross-Rosen)
  • W艂adys艂aw Demski, priest (1884–28 May 1940, KL Sachsenhausen)
  • W艂adys艂aw Ma膰kowiak, priest (1910–4 March 1942 shot in Berezwecz)
  • W艂adys艂aw M膮czkowski, priest (1911–20 August 1942 KL Dachau)
  • W艂adys艂aw Miego艅, priest, commandor lieutnant (1892–1942 KL Dachau)
  • W艂odzimierz Laskowski, priest (1886–1940 KL Gusen)
  • Wojciech Nierychlewski, religious, priest (1903–1942, KL Auschwitz)
  • Zygmunt Pisarski, priest (1902–1943)
  • Zygmunt Sajna, priest (1897–1940, shot at Palmiry, near Warsaw)
  • Religious Brothers[edit]
  • Brunon Zembol, friar (1905–1942 KL Dachau)
  • Grzegorz Boles艂aw Fr膮ckowiak, friar (1911–1943, guillotined in Dresden)
  • J贸zef Zap艂ata, friar (1904–1945 KL Dachau)
  • Marcin Oprz膮dek, friar (1884–1942 KL Dachau)
  • Piotr Bonifacy 呕ukowski, friar (1913–1942 KL Auschwitz)
  • Stanis艂aw Tymoteusz Trojanowski, friar (1908–1942 KL Auschwitz)
  • Symforian Ducki, friar (1888–1942 KL Auschwiitz)

Nuns and Religious Sisters

  • Alicja Jadwiga Kotowska, a nun killed in 1939 in the mass murders in Pia艣nica.
  • Alicja Maria Jadwiga Kotowska, sister (1899–1939, executed at Pia艣nica, Pomerania)
  • Ewa Noiszewska, sister (1885–1942, executed at G贸ra Pietrelewicka near Slonim, Belarus)
  • Julia Rodzi艅ska, Dominican sister (1899–20 February 1945 KL Stutthof); she died having contracted typhoid serving the Jewish women prisoners in a hut for which she had volunteered.
  • Katarzyna Celestyna Faron (1913–1944 KL Auschwitz); (1913–1944), had offered her life for the conversion of an Old Catholic bishop W艂adys艂aw Faron (no relation). She was arrested by the Gestapo and condemned to Auschwitz camp. She put up heroically with all the abuses of the camp and died on Easter Sunday 1944. The bishop later returned to the Catholic Church).
  • Maria Antonina Kratochwil, SSND nun (1881–1942) died as a result of the torture she endured while imprisoned in Stanis艂aw贸w.
  • Maria Klemensa Staszewska, (1890–1943 KL Auschwitz)
  • Marta Wo艂owska, (1879–1942, executed at G贸ra Pietrelewicka near Slonim, Belarus)
  • Mieczys艂awa Kowalska, sister (1902–1941 KL Dzialdowo)

Roman Catholic Laity
  • Bronis艂aw Kostkowski, alumnus (1915–1942 KL Dachau)
  • Czes艂aw J贸藕wiak (1919–1942, guillotined in a prison in Dresden)
  • Edward Ka藕mierski (1919–1942, guillotined in a prison in Dresden)
  • Edward Klinik (1919–1942, guillotined in a prison in Dresden)
  • Franciszek K臋sy (1920–1942, guillotined in a prison in Dresden)
  • Franciszek Stryjas (1882–31 July 1944, Kalisz prison)
  • Jarogniew Wojciechowski (1922–1942, guillotined in a prison in Dresden)
  • Marianna Biernacka (1888–13 July 1943), offered her life for her unborn grandchild and was executed instead of her pregnant daughter-in-law
  • Natalia Tu艂asiewicz (1906–31 March 1945, died in KL Ravensbr眉ck)
  • Stanis艂aw Starowieyski (1895–13 April 1941 KL Dachau)
  • Tadeusz Dulny, alumnus (1914–1942 KL Dachau)


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